Taurine Sources, Deficiency, Dosage & Side Effects

Taurine Benefits vs. Potential Dangers: Worth the Risk?

Taurine Sources, Deficiency, Dosage & Side Effects

Taurine is a key amino acid involved in nearly every aspect of health, from heart health to brain function and beyond. Produced in the body and found naturally in a variety of food sources and supplements, there are plenty of options to help you get your fix.

So where does taurine come from, what does taurine do, and is taurine bad for you?

Keep reading for everything you need to know about this important amino acid and the many potential taurine benefits that it can provide.

What Is Taurine?

So what is taurine? Taurine, or 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid, is a type of amino acid that is found in the body and is considered the most abundant amino acid in the heart, retina, skeletal muscle, brain and immune cells.

The word “taurine” stems from the Latin word taurus, which means bull or ox, because it was first isolated from ox bile in 1827 by German scientists Friedrich Tiedemann and Leopold Gmelin.

However, contrary to popular belief, there’s no association between taurine and bull sperm. In fact, it’s found in a variety of natural sources, both in the body and throughout the food supply.

other amino acids such as glutamine and proline, it is a conditionally essential amino acid. This means that the body is usually able to produce it on its own, except during times of illness and stress.

L-taurine is often added to energy drinks for those looking to take advantage of the potential taurine benefits. It’s also widely available in supplement form, and may be beneficial for people at risk for taurine deficiency, including those receiving parenteral nutrition or those with chronic heart, liver or kidney failure.

1. May Help Reduce the Risk of Heart Disease

Studies show that taurine may help reduce the risk of heart disease, thanks to its ability to decrease blood pressure and inflammation. In fact, according to a review published in Amino Acids, animal models suggest that a higher intake could help protect against heart disease and prevent fatty plaque build-up in the arteries.

One study Japan found that taking 3 grams daily for seven weeks led to significant reductions in body weight and triglyceride levels, both of which are risk factors for heart disease. It also decreased the atherogenic index, a measure that is used to predict the risk of atherosclerosis and heart disease.

2. Possible Helps Decrease Symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease

Studies indicate that taurine may help with the regeneration of brain cells, which could be beneficial for the treatment of neurodegenerative conditions Parkinson’s disease.

Interestingly enough, research shows that people with Parkinson’s disease were more ly to have lower levels of taurine compared to a control group. Not only that, but lower levels were also associated with increased motor severity.

Although more research is needed on the potential taurine benefits for those with Parkinson’s disease, some research suggests that it could help reduce symptom severity by altering the activity of a specific enzyme involved in mitochondrial function.

3. Potentially Reduces Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic syndrome is a group of conditions that increase the risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes. These conditions include high blood pressure, excess belly fat, increased cholesterol or triglyceride levels and high blood sugar.

A 2016 review published in Food & Function analyzed a combination of human and animals studies, and reported that taurine was found to have “an efficient action against metabolic syndrome, which includes reducing triglycerides to prevent obesity, improving insulin resistance to regulate glucose metabolism, lowering cholesterol to prevent diet-induced hypercholesterolemia, and … reduce blood pressure.”

While more research is definitely needed, other research also indicates that it could be beneficial for preventing metabolic syndrome when paired with regular physical activity and a healthy, well-rounded diet.

 4. Aids Patients with Periodontal Disease

Taurine acts as an antioxidant, which means that it can help fight harmful free radicals and prevent oxidative stress in the body.

Some research also shows that it could be beneficial in the treatment of periodontal disease, which is a type of gum infection often caused by poor brushing and flossing.

One study conducted at Annamalai University in India found that administering taurine to people with chronic periodontitis reduced oxidative stress in the gums and blood, which could help promote healing and improve oral health.

5. May Improve Athletic Performance

Many athletes often take a taurine supplement looking to boost physical performance and enhance endurance.

In one study, eight middle-distance runners consumed 1,000 milligrams two hours prior to running, which was found to increase performance by an average of 1.7 percent.

Another study Japan showed that taurine supplementation was linked to improvements in strength and endurance, thanks to its ability to act as an antioxidant and protect against exercise-induced DNA damage.

Animal models and human studies have also found that taurine may help prevent muscle injury and increase fat-burning during exercise, both of which can be incredibly beneficial when it comes to boosting athletic performance.

Related: 8 Top Supplements for Athletes — for Energy, Strength and More

Foods Containing Taurine

Taurine is naturally found in a variety of meat and dairy products. For most people, this means that if you eat a balanced diet, you probably get all you need.

It’s also found in cow’s milk-based infant formula and may be added as a supplement to non-dairy-based infant formula as well.

According to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the typical omnivorous diet provides between 9–400 milligrams of taurine per day. Dietary intake on a lacto-ovo vegetarian diet is estimated to be about 17 milligrams per day, and many vegan diets are completely lacking in this important amino acid.

However, except during times of extreme illness and stress, the body is able to produce taurine on its own, and some research suggests that the body may excrete less to conserve levels when intake is low as well.

Although it’s often found in sports drinks and supplements, there are plenty of natural sources of this important amino acid available as well. Here are a few of the top taurine sources:

  • Meat and poultry — 11 to 306 milligram/100 grams wet weight
  • Seafood — 11 to 827 milligrams/100 grams wet weight
  • Dairy products — two to eight milligrams/100 milliliters
  • Breast milk and infant formula — four to seven milligrams/100 milliliters

Supplements and Dosage Recommendations

Taurine supplements are available in capsule or powder form. The taurine dosage can vary depending on a number of different factors, but most supplements contain between 500–1,000 milligrams per serving.

However, doses up to 3,000 milligrams have been shown to be safe and associated with minimal risk of side effects.

Be sure to talk to your doctor before starting supplementation if you have any underlying health conditions. Additionally, consider starting with a lower dosage and working your way up to assess your tolerance and prevent adverse effects on health.

Many also recommend using a taurine supplement for dogs or taurine for cats to help prevent complications and improve outcomes for pets diagnosed with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). However, most pets can meet their needs for this important amino acid through diet alone, so talk to your veterinarian to determine if supplementation is right for your furry friend.

Dangers and Potential Side Effects

Although it has been deemed as generally safe to consume, it’s important to practice moderation with all supplements to prevent any potential taurine side effects. Consult with your doctor before starting supplementation, and when possible, simply get it through a balanced diet.

When consumed in energy drinks, the potential for taurine danger can increase. Energy drinks have been linked to serious safety issues, leading to the ban of this important amino acid in several countries.

However, it’s unclear whether these health issues could be caused by taurine itself or its combination with caffeine and other potentially harmful ingredients.

While some research in animals suggests that taurine could be beneficial for mental health disorders depression and anxiety, other studies have found that it could worsen symptoms of bipolar disorder and mania. If you have any mental health conditions, talk to your doctor before starting supplementation.

Supplementation is also not recommended for those with kidney problems, as it could worsen kidney function and exacerbate symptoms. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should avoid use as well, as research is lacking on the healthy and safety of supplementation for these populations.

Finally, taurine may also act as a natural diuretic to increase water excretion from the body. Therefore, it may interfere with certain medications such as lithium, which can decrease its effectiveness.

Final Thoughts

  • What is taurine? This conditionally essential amino acid is found throughout the body, as well as in food sources meat, dairy and seafood.
  • What is taurine used for? Potential taurine benefits include improved heart health, a reduced risk of metabolic syndrome, enhanced athletic performance, better oral health and decreased symptoms of Parkinson’s disease.
  • Taurine for dogs and cats can also be beneficial for animals diagnosed with DCM. However, it’s best to talk to your veterinarian before starting supplementation.
  • Although it’s generally recognized as safe, it’s not suitable for everyone and may cause issues for some people.
  • While you can get this important amino acid from supplements, it’s always best to get your nutrition from whole food sources whenever possible.

Source: https://draxe.com/nutrition/what-is-taurine/

Taurine Sources, Deficiency, Dosage & Side Effects

Taurine Sources, Deficiency, Dosage & Side Effects

Taurine is a semi-essential amino acid also called 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid. It has a bad reputation as an energy drink additive, but it is vital for the normal functioning of the human body. Read on to learn how it is made and metabolized, the best dietary sources, and interesting interactions with genetics and health conditions here.

What is Taurine?

Taurine (L-Taurine or 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid) is a sulfur-containing amino acid [1, 2].

Taurine is present in almost any tissue in the body and concentrated in key areas such as the heart, brain, and retina of the eye. A taurine-rich diet can protect the body and promote longevity. Yet taurine has a bad reputation because it’s a popular ingredient in unhealthy energy drinks.

Taurine plays various important roles in the body including regulation of water status in our cells, preventing oxidation in the body, and supporting calcium signaling in key organs. Through calcium regulation properties, it helps to improve the function of cardiac, nervous and musculoskeletal tissue.

Humans are able to produce taurine, but not in sufficient quantities under all conditions. Therefore, taurine is a conditionally essential amino acid for humans, and nutritionists recommend getting some from diet. Some people who can easily become taurine deficient include premature and newborn infants and chronic liver, heart, and kidney disease patients [3, 4].

Taurine is an osmolyte. This means it controls water entry and exit in cells and stops them from changing the cell too much in size. It interacts with fats in cell membranes and stabilizes them, preventing structural changes to the cell [5, 6].

Despite the impressive range of positive effects taurine has on the body, its exact mechanisms of action still remain largely unknown [7].

How the Body Makes Taurine

Taurine is synthesized within the body from the only two other sulfur-containing amino acids: methionine and cysteine [2].

Taurine synthesis mostly takes place in the liver, with the help of the enzyme cysteine sulfinic acid and vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) [8, 9, 10, 11].

Other cells in our bodies are able to take up taurine from the blood thanks to the special taurine transporter (TauT) molecule that is found on cell membranes [12].

Taurine is an essential nutrient for newborn children as they are yet not able to synthesize or retain taurine within their bodies. Breast milk contains the full taurine requirement for infants, as does modern day baby formula [11, 13].

How the Body Removes Taurine

Taurine exits the body as part of bile or urine [11].

The kidneys are able to increase or decrease taurine excretion depending on dietary availability of taurine. High amounts of taurine in urine indicate high dietary intake [14, 15].

When taurine is needed, taurine transporter molecules in the kidneys resorb and conserve taurine in the body [16].

Individuals with compromised kidney function or faulty taurine transporters may not be able to retain sufficient amounts of taurine [17].

What Foods are High in Taurine?

Humans’ main source of taurine is dietary, and taurine is naturally present in [11]:

  • Shellfish (oysters, mussels, and clams) [18]
  • Other meat and dairy products [18]
  • Sea vegetables (such as seaweed) [19]

The average daily taurine consumption in Americans are provided as follows:

  • Omnivores – 123 mg
  • Vegetarians that consume egg and milk products – 17 mg
  • Vegans – 0 mg [11]

Human breast milk also contains taurine. The amounts of taurine in breast milk vary depending on the diet of the mother. Omnivorous mothers have been found to contain one and a half times the amount of taurine in their milk as vegetarian mothers [11].

What Decreases the Body’s Ability to Absorb or Synthesize Taurine?

Taurine levels within the body have been known to decrease due to surgical injury, chemotherapy, heroin addiction, Tylenol overdose, and many other numerous disease-causing conditions such as trauma, cancer, hypertension, diabetes, epilepsy, and liver disease [11, 20, 21, 22, 23].

Human studies have shown that vitamin B6 deficiency can lead to taurine deficiency because vitamin B-6 is needed for the synthesis of taurine by the body [11].

The essential amino acids methionine is also needed for taurine synthesis by the body. Therefore, reduced methionine intake can also lower taurine levels in the body [24].

A strict vegan and vegetarian diets result in taurine deficiency because they provide little to no dietary taurine [11].

The aging process reduces the body’s ability synthesize taurine [25].

The amino acid beta-alanine may block the action of the taurine transporter in the body and lead to low levels of taurine [26].

The antiepileptic drug vigabatrin also depletes taurine from the retina [27].

Those who are susceptible to taurine deficiency may be advised to supplement. Talk to your doctor if you believe that you may benefit.

Gene Interactions

In rats, taurine supplementation changed protein and gene expression (production). However, scientists are unsure of the relationship between taurine and those genes.

Who Uses Taurine Supplements?

  • Strict vegetarians and vegans
  • Athletes looking to improve exercise performance
  • Individuals suffering from the disease conditions mentioned above
  • Healthy individuals interested in taking supplements that promote longevity

Manufacturers can make taurine synthetically, and there is no need for animal extractions. Therefore, cheap vegan-friendly taurine supplements are widely available for purchase [29].

Dosage

Note that there is no “safe and effective” dose of taurine for any particular medical condition because no studies have been performed to find one. However, taurine is abundant in most people’s diets.

Up to 3 g of supplemental taurine per day has been found to be safe for adult consumption. There is strong evidence that there are no side effects at doses up to and under this value. Scientists do not recommend a dose greater than 3 g per day [30].

Relatively high amounts of taurine are considered safe for consumption because any excess can be harmlessly passed through urine [30].

Side Effects

Side effects noted in uncontrolled trials include temporary itching in psoriasis patients and hypothermia in patients who are unable to produce sufficient amounts of steroid hormones [31, 30].

Taurine may act as a diuretic [32].

Most of the studies have focused on the short-term use of taurine supplements. Therefore, no conclusions can be made regarding the use of taurine supplements for periods greater than 1 year [30].

Interactions

According to a handful of studies, taurine may change the way caffeine affects one’s perception of being tired, though this effect has not been confirmed in humans [33, 34].

A combined high dose of taurine and alcohol is lethal in mice [35].

Carnitine

Taurine and L-carnitine may work together to benefit heart health. In rat muscle cells, L-carnitine and taurine stopped the multiplication (proliferation) and hardening of muscle cells. This may prevent the hardening of blood vessels and stop plaque from accumulating, thus preventing heart disease or atherosclerosis [36].

Note that this synergism has only been demonstrated in rats. The human body may not respond the same way.

Precautions

Pregnant women should avoid using taurine supplements unless directed by a physician; maternal taurine supplementation during pregnancy causes insulin resistance and obesity in rat offspring [37].

Additionally, taurine and taurine-containing energy drinks should not be mixed with alcohol [35].

It is important to use high-quality taurine supplements to avoid potential contamination with harmful compounds.

What About Taurine-Enriched Energy Drinks?

The presence of taurine in energy drinks may decrease the uncomfortable side effects of caffeine, such as heart palpitation, jitteriness, and anxiety. Taurine is usually only added to these drinks to mask the harmful effects of the product [38, 39, 34].

The high caffeine and sugar content of energy drinks containing taurine also nullify any potential health benefits [40].

We recommend strongly against consuming these energy drinks.

Further Reading

  • 14+ Health Benefits of Taurine + Side Effects

Source: https://selfhacked.com/blog/taurine-metabolism/

What is taurine? Benefits and side effects

Taurine Sources, Deficiency, Dosage & Side Effects

Taurine is an organic compound known as an amino acid. Amino acids are the protein building blocks of the human body. Some experts believe taurine has health benefits, but researchers need to carry out more studies to confirm these claims.

Today, manufacturers add taurine to infant formula, nutritional supplements, and energy drinks. Taurine also occurs naturally in a range of animal foods, including seafood, beef, and chicken. However, vegetarian and vegan foods tend to be deficient in taurine.

Some researchers and healthcare professionals believe that taurine may be useful in managing conditions such as epilepsy and diabetes.

Although scientists need to carry out more research, in this article, we analyze the health benefits and potential risks of taurine consumption.

Share on PinterestManufacturers often add taurine to energy drinks, nutritional supplements, and infant formula.

Taurine is an amino acid, which is a building block of human proteins.

Researchers have found taurine in the brain, spinal cord, heart and muscle cells, skeletal muscle tissue, and retinas. Taurine is also present in leukocytes or white blood cells, that reside in the immune system.

Taurine is involved in a number of bodily processes, including:

  • regulating the volume of body cells
  • stabilizing cell membranes
  • adjusting the amount of calcium inside cells
  • producing bile salts

The human body can produce taurine, but obtaining it from dietary sources or supplements is necessary to maintain optimum levels.

It is important to note that vegetarian and vegan foods do not contain much taurine. As a result, it may be especially important for people who follow these diets to take supplements.

Taurine plays an essential role in protecting cells from damage. Some studies have suggested that taurine can act as a neurotransmitter. These are chemical messengers present in the central nervous system.

Some research suggests that taurine plays a role in brain development and the prevention of birth abnormalities. For example, when taurine levels drop, mice experience defects in mitochondria and heart and muscle development. Mitochondria are the powerhouse of the cell, producing the energy it needs to function.

In other rat and mouse studies, researchers have shown that when taurine loses its effect in the retina, the rodents show severe cell degeneration in that area.

Meanwhile, studies in humans have suggested that taurine may be beneficial in the following conditions:

  • type 1 diabetes
  • type 2 diabetes
  • diabetes-induced kidney disease
  • epilepsy

That said, researchers have not yet confirmed that taurine supplementation is beneficial in humans, nor have they explained how taurine affects these conditions.

In the sections below, we take a look at what the existing research suggests about taurine and its possible role in several conditions.

Scientists need to carry out further research in humans, however, before doctors can begin recommending taurine as a treatment option.

Diabetes

Share on PinterestTaurine may help overcome some risk factors for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

Several studies have suggested that taurine might play a role in making the body more sensitive to insulin. Researchers have also demonstrated that taurine may be involved in overcoming other risk factors for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

Taurine may also have benefits for diabetic nephropathy, which is a disease of the kidneys associated with diabetes. Doctors have not yet confirmed these benefits in humans, however.

Epilepsy

A group of researchers conducted a study of the effects of taurine on the adolescent brain. They suggest that because taurine affects the release of calcium from cells, it may have an impact on brain function.

Taurine tends to be present in three areas of the brain:

  • the hippocampus
  • the cerebellum
  • the hypothalamus

Scientists have also noticed disruptions in taurine balance in the brains of people with epilepsy.

Researchers tend to agree that taurine has antiepileptic activity because they have observed its efficacy in naturally occurring and drug-induced epilepsy in cats, dogs, mice, and rats.

Studies in humans have revealed that taurine may have an antiepileptic effect, but it is not consistent. For this reason, its antiepileptic effect may not be powerful enough for health professionals to recommend taurine as a treatment option for epilepsy in humans.

The compound may have other protective effects on the brain. For example, some studies have shown similar positive benefits in older animals that researchers exposed to toxins.

Further research is required to determine the potential health benefits of taurine for people with epilepsy.

Cardiovascular disease

In Japan, doctors use taurine as a treatment option for congestive heart failure.

Apart from producing bile salts, taurine has other actions, including:

These actions may be involved in preventing coronary heart disease.

One of taurine’s primary functions is to combine cholesterol with bile acids and remove it from the body. When researchers gave taurine supplements to rats on a high cholesterol diet, they noticed a significant dose dependent decrease in cholesterol.

Researchers have also found that among people consuming a cholesterol rich diet, those who took taurine supplements for 3 weeks had a less significant increase in cholesterol levels than those who did not take taurine.

Taurine may also have an impact on regulating blood pressure. Some researchers suggest that taurine may block the effect of angiotensin II signaling in the kidney, which causes increases in blood pressure.

However, researchers need to conduct further studies to determine the effect of taurine on coronary heart disease risk.

Share on PinterestA person with any existing medical conditions should talk to their doctor before taking taurine supplements.

Researchers tend to agree that humans tolerate taurine well.

A study that appears in the Journal of the American Pharmacists Association explored the safety of taurine in energy drinks.

Although the amounts of taurine present in these energy drinks were too low to produce any therapeutic effects, some participants reported mild diarrhea and constipation. However, the study authors point out that the sugar and caffeine content of many energy drinks can cause these side effects.

People with adrenocortical insufficiency, a condition wherein the adrenal glands produce low amounts of steroids, may experience decreased body temperature and high levels of potassium if they consume taurine.

Older studies have reported side effects in people with epilepsy who took 1.5 grams (g) of taurine per day. The side effects included:

  • nausea
  • dizziness
  • a headache
  • difficulty walking

People living with medical conditions such as adrenocortical insufficiency or epilepsy should ask their doctors if taking taurine is safe. Doctors should evaluate the safety of the product as well as the dosage.

If a person is interested in consuming taurine or taking supplements, they can speak with their health professional to find out how much taurine is safe for them.

The following table is a list of foods and their taurine content.

FoodTaurine content in milligrams per 100 g
Broiled beef38.4
Broiled chicken, dark meat199.1
Broiled chicken, light meat14.5
Roasted pork loin56.8
Albacore tuna, canned41.5
Cow’s milk, 2% fat2.3

Following a strict vegetarian or vegan diet may affect the amount of taurine in the body. People who follow these diets can speak with their healthcare provider to ensure that they are getting enough taurine.

Doctors should always make parents and caregivers of children following a vegetarian or vegan diet aware of the risks of taurine deficiency.

Taurine is a compound that people obtain from their diet or by taking supplements. Many animal studies have suggested that taurine deficiency can lead to health risks.

At the moment, doctors require more evidence before they can start recommending taurine as a treatment option for conditions such as epilepsy and diabetes.

People can usually tolerate taurine at recommended doses.

Source: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/326476

Taurine: Facts About This Crucial Amino Acid

Taurine Sources, Deficiency, Dosage & Side Effects

Reprinted with the kind permission of Dr. Mercola.

By Dr. Mercola

You’ve probably heard about taurine supplements from fitness enthusiasts, particularly those who spending a lot of time in the gym. You might have even seen advertisements of energy drinks with taurine as an ingredient. But what exactly does taurine do, and should you supplement with it? Learn all the important details about taurine in -free seafood are examples of foods that are high in taurine.14The health benefits of taurine are far-reaching. Here are some of the potential advantages you can get from this amino acid:• Improved heart health —Taurine has been found to help reduce inflammation and arterial thickening. Studies also found a link between having high taurine levels and reduced bad cholesterol and blood pressure levels, as well as low death rates.15• Better vision health — There’s a large concentration of taurine in the eyes, so insufficient levels may play a role in macular decline. By increasing taurine intake, you may help improve your eyesight.16• May be beneficial for diabetics — This amino acid may help improve blood sugar control among people with diabetes. There’s also research saying that getting increased amounts may even reduce blood sugar levels and insulin resistance.17• Relieve anxiety and stress — Taurine can bind to the GABA receptors found in the brain, which are essential in controlling and calming your central nervous system.18• May prevent hearing loss — One study found that taurine helped eliminate ringing in the participants’ ears (tinnitus), which has been linked to hearing loss.19Perhaps the most well-known benefit of taurine is its supposed ability to improve athletic performance – one reason why manufacturers are adding this to their products.Exercise Performance and Taurine: What Do The Studies Say?
 Taurine supplements have been linked to fitness, and there are studies that support the claims that it may benefit athletic and workout performance.One study published in the journal Amino Acids,20 which examined 11 men ages 18 to 20, found that taking a taurine supplement for seven days before their workout had increased VO2max (the body’s ability to transport and use oxygen) and longer training periods before feeling exhaustion. The Japanese researchers who conducted the study, believed it was taurine’s antioxidant and cell-protecting properties that helped provide these benefits.21Taurine’s ability in helping reduce muscle damage has also been noted. In a separate study, it was found that participants who took taurine before a muscle-damaging weight lifting workout had reduced soreness and markers of muscle damage compared to those who were given a placebo.22 This amino acid may have a benefit for people who want to manage their weight. Cyclists who supplemented with 1.66 grams of taurine were found to have a 16 percent increase in fat burning, which may help with weight loss.23Taurine Dosage Guidelines
 There are no set guidelines on how much taurine you should take to achieve its potential benefits. However, taking anywhere from 500 to 2,000 milligrams has shown efficacy among many people. The upper limit, however, is much higher than this.24 Remember that if you want to get enough taurine, you should ideally optimize your food intake first then opt for a safe supplement, if that is not possible. Never rely on getting taurine from sports drinks and other energy drinks.The reason is that these beverages typically contain high amounts of caffeine, sugar or fructose and other unhealthy ingredients that can have a severe effect on your wellbeing. Caffeine in energy drinks actually range anywhere from 80 to 300 milligrams per can, and has been blamed for side effects, such as nervousness, seizures, jitteriness, cardiac arrhythmias and even death.25Potential Side Effects of Taurine Supplementation
 For healthy individuals, taurine is typically safe to use, as long as ingested within the recommended dosage. Nevertheless, you should be cautious of taking taurine if you are suffering from any type of health problem and/or if you are taking any medication.26There is a report of a bodybuilder who suffered from brain damage after taking about 14 grams of taurine with anabolic steroids and insulin – however, it is not certain if the effect was caused by taurine or the other drugs ingested.27 There’s also insufficient data about taking taurine during pregnancy or while breastfeeding, so consult your physician before taking this or any type of supplement.Although taking a taurine supplement may seem a practical solution, keep in mind  that there are food choices of taurine that you can rely on, so your first course of action should be to naturally optimize your taurine levels through dietary changes. Remember, there’s no supplement on earth that can take the place of a healthy and well-balanced diet.   Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About Taurine
 Q: Is taurine an amino acid?A: Yes, taurine is an amino acid, specifically an amino sulfonic acid. It’s the most plentiful amino acid in the body, and is commonly found in large amounts in the retina, brain, heart and blood platelets.Q: Where does taurine come from?A: Taurine is made from two other amino acids: methionine and cysteine. It’s actually classified as a conditional amino acid, meaning that it can be produced by your body (as opposed to essential amino acids, which need to be obtained from foods and other sources).Q: Do people need taurine? What does it do to the body?A: Yes, taurine is essential for a healthy, well-functioning body, and having a deficiency in this nutrient can actually produce a number of symptoms. Some of its roles include:• Regulating immune system function• Helping maintain proper hydration and electrolyte balance in your cells• Essential in the formation of bile salts needed for digestion• Supporting your overall central nervous system and macular healthQ: Is taurine bad for you?A: No, taurine is not bad for you. It actually plays an essential role in your body, such as helping move minerals calcium, potassium, magnesium and sodium in and your cells.Q: Why is taurine in energy drinks?A: Because of taurine’s potential to increase athletic performance and help ease stress and anxiety, it has become a popular ingredient in energy drinks. There have been repercussions linked to taurine in energy drinks, but these effects actually come from the high amounts of caffeine and other unhealthy additives in these beverages, and not because of the taurine. Thus, it’s wise to avoid these sports drinks and instead to get taurine ideally from food sources or secondarily from a safe supplement.Q: Is taurine a stimulant?A: While taurine is often added to “stimulant drinks,” it is not energy-giving per se. Rather, it actually controls and calms your central nervous system. Instead, taurine’s effects on athletic performance are rooted in its ability to reduce muscle damage, fatigue and soreness, while promoting weight loss by promoting the use of fat as fuel.

Sources and References
 

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1988 Nov 15;256(1):251-5
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com, Taurine
25 Life Extension, June 2013

This article was brought to you by Dr. Mercola.Founder of the world’s #1 natural health site, he gives you the low-down on cholesterol. Discover why you actually need Cholesterol in this FREE report.

Source: https://www.prohealth.com/library/taurine-facts-about-this-crucial-amino-acid-42637

The potential protective effects of taurine on coronary heart disease

Taurine Sources, Deficiency, Dosage & Side Effects

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Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2813349/

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